If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. Are you going to summarize or critically evaluate? The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e.
Identify relationships among studies: Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Structure of a literature review Introduction Your introduction should give an outline of why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed the criteria used for your literature selection e.
Incorporate the literature review into your research paper draft. The Library would be the best place to search for your sources. Writing a Literature Review Writing a Literature Review When writing a research paper on a specific topic, you will often need to include an overview of any prior research that has been conducted on that topic.
When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves.
Conduct a literature search. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current writing a literature review introduction.
However, the degree of emphasis that is given to individual studies may vary more or less detail may be warranted depending on how critical or unique a given study was. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Group the articles into categories e.
These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Plan to describe relevant theories. On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: Consider how you reassemble your notes: Writing the introduction In the introduction, you should: You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.
Like essays, a literature review must have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
An extensive review of relevant material will include — books, journal articles, reports, government documents, conference proceedings and web resources. It can also be helpful to create an outline of how your literature review will be structured.
You may need to repeat this process more than once. Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
Benefits of Literature Reviews By summarizing prior research on a topic, literature reviews have multiple benefits. It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.
It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis Step 7: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
Group research studies and other types of literature reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc. The notes should include anything that will be helpful in advancing your own thinking about the topic and in helping you write the literature review such as key points, ideas, or even page numbers that index key information.
What are the key terms and concepts?
If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.
Examples of stylistic variations in literature reviews include: For more information about this step, please see the Using Databases and Finding Scholarly References section of this website. A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.
Rather, it should contain most or all of the significant studies about a research topic but not tangential or loosely related ones.
Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative. What are the differences and similarities between the sources? You will need to synthesise several of your reviewed readings into each paragraph, so that there is a clear connection between the various sources.A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
Further Tips for Writing a Literature Review. Full-length literature reviews.
Many full-length literature review articles use a three-part structure: Introduction (where the topic is identified and any trends or major problems in the literature are introduced), Body (where the studies that comprise the literature on that topic are discussed), and Discussion or.
This part of your introduction should not represent a comprehensive literature review--that comes next. It consists of a general review of the important, foundational research literature [with citations] that establishes a foundation for understanding key elements of the research problem.
Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review. to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that. Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern.
Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically (see below for more information on each). Writing Centre. Literature Review Template.
Definition: A literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research.
Its purpose is to create familiarity with current thinking and research on Introduction: • A concise definition of a topic under consideration.Download