Among the only native systems of writing that have survived are the syllabaries of the Mindoro Mangyans and the Tagbanua of Palawan. Spanish leadership was soon established over many small independent communities that previously had known no central rule. Filipiniana Book Guild, Inthe Spanish language was taught freely when a primary public school system was set up for the entire population.
These were the earliest coins brought in by the galleons from Mexico. The Americans who travel around all the islands customarily use it. The galleon trade facilitated commerce among Asia, the Americas, and Europe.
Spanish declined due to the imposition of English as the official language and medium of instruction in schools and universities. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Philippines went from being an agrarian subsistence economy to an intermediating economy, bridging the gap between Asia, America and Europe by means of the commercial route of the galleon that joined Manila and Acapulco.
By the end of the war, an estimated 1 million Filipinos lost their lives. Filipino social scientists have entered the fray since the s, but exponentially more so following independence incontributing an important indigenous perspective that had been absent from previous erudition.
Political system[ edit ] Fort San Pedro was first of many fortresses to protect the islands from invaders such as pirates and other colonizers. The turn of the century witnessed not only the Philippine revolution but a quieter though no less significant outbreak.
The first two constitutions were written in Spanish. Beginning in the early 20th century, scholars from the United States in various disciplines began writing their own interpretations of the colonial period that preceded the half-century of American occupation.
This labor lasted for 40 days a year, later it was reduced to 15 days. Thus, they were an invaluable source of information to the colonial government. Although based on the school statistics it is said that more Filipinos speak English than any other language, no one can be in agreement with this declaration if they base their assessment on what they hear The increased level of education eventually led to the rise of the Ilustrados.
Manila was also the ecclesiastical capital of the Philippines. This long poem, original and folksy in its rendition of a humanized, indeed, a nativized Jesus, is a milestone in the history of Philippine letters.
The priests and friars had a command of local languages rare among the lay Spanish, and in the provinces they outnumbered civil officials.
During the conquista, the first task of colonization was the reduction, or relocation of the indigenous population into settlements surrounding the plaza. The Philippines since Pre-Spanish Times.
By law, the Taft Commission allowed their guests to use the language of their choice. Minted in Madridthe Alfonsos or the Spanish-Philippine pesos remained in circulation and were legal tender in the islands until The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants.Philippine Government in Pre Spanish Period Words Jul 24th, 18 Pages Education in the Philippines changed radically, and was before patterned from both of educational systems of Spain and the United States.
Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. The Spanish colonial strategy was to undermine the native oral tradition by substituting for it the story of the Passion of Christ (Lumbera, p.
14). written in Spanish by Pedro Paterno, a Philippine-bornilustrado (Medina p. 93). Following the sentimental style of his first book. Introduction. Miguel López de Legazpi’s (b. –d. ) conquest of Manila in ushered in a year epoch of Castilian rule in the Philippine Islands, but his actions also created unintended historical by-products that made the undertaking dissimilar to any other colony in the Spanish empire.
The Spanish Era in the Philippines When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago inthey found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization.
Nov 07, · Philippine photo history from the Spanish era until World War II. The site contains photos of a compilation of pictures that can be found all over the net and some donated personal collections.
If you have a personal collection of historical people or places that you would like to share, they are most welcome in this killarney10mile.com: Phil history pics. Music of the Philippines Words | 13 Pages. Group 1, 4M Anupol, Cayabyab, Chua, Luarca, Shimamoto, Torio, Yumol Music, 3rd Term PHILIPPINE MUSIC I.
YEAR AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Philippine Music is divided into four eras or traditions, namely Ethnic, Spanish Colonial, American Colonial and Contemporary traditions.Download