The achievements and especially the contributions of Descartes had progressed with a different viewpoint than his counterparts. The focus, then, of naturalistic theory is on the social conditions prevalent at the time an individual puts forth an idea or ideas that influence the flow of history and can change the course as well for future generations to come.
Descartes sank into a world of dreams and experiments in dogs poor Pavlov. That may be, but as we will see in later chapters, the influence of phrenology on the development of modern psychological thought was perhaps far greater than some other lines of thought contemporaneous with it which we still consider legitimate.
This view would suggest climate as the main differentiation between the development of the primitive and advanced cultures and thus is a prime determinant of their different historical development. The subject-matter under consideration in this book is the history of psychology.
Phrenology, the study of "bumps on your head," is considered by modern psychology to be mere trumpery and illegitimate from beginning to end. The dualist view would say that mind and body experience vs. University of Chicago Press,2nd Ed.
It is in terms of a multitude of random events that sum together to form a whole that is interpreted by humans as having purpose and coherence.
It is how an idea carries along the flow of psychological thought that should concern us and not who thought of it first. The laws of society, if they are determined by the laws of human behavior should also be predictable -- if we know all the determinants.
Its primary competitor has been the personalistic view, sometimes called the "great man" theory. If we assume that judgments of the individuals involved in the event we are studying differ in the same way as our witnesses to the auto accident, we will not be surprised to find conflicts in such documents.
For instance, one form of psychological monism states that mind and body are not two things but only one -- body. From these attempts to understand and explain the flow of historical events at least three main views of the dynamic of historical progress have evolved: A peripheralist explanation of visual phenomena would emphasize the role of the retina, for instance, where a centralist explanation might deal with cortical currents.
There are no "greats" in this view. Even if we could do so, it would be a very difficult history to read. This naturalistic view is highly environmentalistic.
Watson under the label of Prescriptive Theory. Prescriptions will be used throughout this book as a descriptive tool to help clarify the differences and similarities among various conceptual positions and their authors.
Descartes personal life played a dramatic and drastic role simultaneously, he lived a very secret and dark world within himself, he was not in strong health and preferred to sleep late in the morning, and while having these attributes which he kept all his life, the gift of his creative thinking mind impacted his thought process the rest of his days.
However, it must be added that on other occasions interrelation within pairs and in patterns of prescriptive allegiance exist which are not bipolar.
It is easy to come away from a well-written biography or social history and feel that we have made contact with the past. In an extreme position, this naturalistic view virtually merges into the spiritualistic, where history becomes personified into a being not unlike a god or spirit.Naturalistic vs Personalistic Approach in Psychology Essay Personalistic vs the Naturalistic Viewpoint History is a troublesome word in the English language, having a number of meanings and usages.
We often use the term without really considering the underlying concepts it represents. For that very reason, however, there is no fundamental agreement among psychologists on the basic approach to psychology or its subject-matter.
Psychology is a pre-paradigmatic discipline. It personalistic theory and 3) naturalistic theory. Personalistic vs. Naturalistic. As I define the differences between personalistic versus naturalistic in reference to Descartes scientific historical contributions and the cultural times of his day.
or concept of the clock work mechanisms to the human body.
As stated in the book, “he inaugurated the era of modern psychology. The 5/5(). Personalistic vs the Naturalistic Viewpoint History is a troublesome word in the English language, having a number of meanings and usages. We often use the term without really considering the underlying concepts it represents.
Naturalistic vs Personalistic Approach in Psychology Essay Words | 5 Pages Personalistic vs the Naturalistic Viewpoint History is a troublesome word in the English language, having a number of meanings and usages. This lesson looks at the differences between personalistic theory and naturalistic theory, defines each, and provides an understanding of .Download